What is a circular economy?

A circular economy is based on the principles of designing out waste and pollution, keeping products and materials in use, and regenerating natural systems.

— Ellen MacArthur Foundation

Taking a systems approach, it redefines our relationship with our environment, changes the meaning of local production and consumption, breaks our dependence on raw materials, while creating a livable world.

Take -> Make -> Dispose

Dr. Michael Braungart on Nutrients

William McDonough | Design Innovation

Four types of value creation:

Here, Professor Van der Laan does a good job of describing some basic concepts. Concerning the subject, this gets you off the ground floor


Revenue From Natural Systems

Our problems with metals

Refrain -> Reuse -> Recycle